- 1. Ahmad el Maghrabi, previous minister of housing, whose assets are listed at $11 billion Egyptian pounds
- 2. Zuhair Garanah, previous minister of tourism, whose assets are listed at $13 billion Egyptian pounds
- 3. Habib el Adly, previous minister of interior, whose assets are listed at $8 billion Egypt pounds
- 4. Ahmed Ezz, previous director of the Egyptian ruling party (NPD) whose assets are listed at $18 billion Egyptian pounds
Welcome to the Middle East Today
Only by understanding the motivations of the various factions in the Middle East can we hope to understand how to promote peace and national security for Middle Eastern nations, Europe, and the United States.
Feb 21, 2011
Feb 20, 2011
Feb 18, 2011
Feb 17, 2011
- · The dissolution of the old Parliament (1971), and the drafting of the new Constitution that emphasizes democracy and the establishment of a parliamentarian government that will limit the authority of the elected president
- · The separation of governmental powers allowing them to function independently from each other
- · The cancellation of the Emergency Law and abolishing of military courts
- · The resignation of Dr. Ahmad Shafiq’s Cabinet and the appointment of a new cabinet headed by an independent, honest, and objective person to lead the transitional government until elections take place
- · Lowering the age of candidates running for the parliament to 25, and for those running for president to 35
- · Allowing people to establish democratic labor unions, other organization unions, and student unions
- · Allow freedom of the press and free election of its representatives and the release of all political prisoners
- · The dissolution of the previous ruling party (NDP), and the confiscation of the party assets, if proven illegally obtained, and turned it to the treasury of the Egyptian government
- · The dissolution of the ignoble office of the government’s national investigative security and to abolish sending draftees to that office to fulfill their draft duties
- · The implementation of all court orders issued prior to the Revolution of January 25th, such as the request to expel government security officers from universities and colleges
- · The drafting of a new law to allow, in the next few months, the establishment of different political parties that guaranty their freedom, and the dissolution of all local councils in the different Egyptian governorates since they were established undemocratically
Feb 16, 2011
- 1. The release of all political prisoners, whose number has exceeded 10,000.
- 2. The lifting of Emergency Law which the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has promised to remove as soon as normal life is resumed.
- 3. The establishment of a new transitional government that has nothing to do with the old regime.
- 4. The punishment of those responsible for the attack on Wednesday, February 5, that led to the death of 300 young peaceful revolutionaries.
Feb 12, 2011
Remember the Martyrs of this Revolution
Feb 11, 2011
P.S. The Professors did not know I was posting this, but my excitement just boiled over. I hope they do not fire me.
This post is a collaboration between Hani Fakhouri and Aleya Rouchdy
Feb 10, 2011
Feb 9, 2011
Feb 8, 2011
- - The selection of presidential candidates should take place during the same year of the election
- - The political candidate should obtain the signatures of at least 250 elected members consisting of a minimum of 65 from the parliament, 25 members of El Shoura Council, and 10 members of each of the 14 Governorate elected Councils.
- - Any political party nominating a candidate must be licensed, active for five years and has at least 3% members in the Parliament and 3% representation in the Shoura Council
- - The candidate should be an elected member of the Executive Committee of the nominating political party and should have served for a at least year in the party
- - A list of the selected candidates for the presidential election should be submitted to the Presidential Election Committee. The Committee is chaired by the head of the Egyptian Constitutional Court and aided by 12 members from different judicial courts.
- - Each presidential candidate should be approved by at least 7 members of the Presidential Election Committee in order to have his/her name put on the ballot
This post is a collaboration between Hani Fakhouri and Aleya Rouchdy.
These photos are from El-Bashayer Newspaper
Feb 7, 2011
The Following was published in
|From El-Bashayer Newspaper|
The crowd’s determination in Tahrir Square is reflected in the huge masses of people, which exceeded one million. This determination is visible all over Egypt where people are still calling for President Mubarak to step down.
- - Election of a new parliament,
- - Revision of the Constitution
- - Presidential election
- - Cancellation of Marshal Law
- - Investigation of crimes committed during the demonstration
- - Investigation of corruption
Feb 5, 2011
It has been reported that a committee consisting of prominent Egyptian figures and headed by Ahmad Kamal Abu el Magd, Vice President of the National Human Right Council met with new Prime Minister Ahmad Shafiq and presented him with a plan to bring the conflict to a peaceful finale.
- - The Vice President to assume the duties of the President as head of the transitional government until September 2011.
- - The dissolution of the Parliament and the Advisory Council, maglis al shoura, and end the Emergency Law.
- - The appointment of a Judicial Affairs Committee to re-write the Constitution.
- - The appointment of a committee of experts on government affairs to advise the government until the election of the parliament and the new president.
- - The investigation of government officials responsible for crimes committed during the uprising.
- - The investigation of government officials who have abused the public trust and contributed to corruption.
There is no end in sight to the changes that might follow. Actually, there is a rumor circulating in Egypt, also heard on German television, that President Mubarak will leave soon to Germany for health treatment. This would be a good face saving move for Mubarak, and to resign as the next step.
Feb 4, 2011
Today, Friday February 4th, is the “Day of Departure.” Hundreds of thousands of protestors of all ages, religion, and gender are chanting the national anthem and waving the Egyptian flag in Tahrir square. Young children carried on their father’s shoulder are chanting “down with Mubarak ”and in unison the crowd responds “down with Mubarak.” It is an overwhelming, and breadth-taking scene that’s giving us all goose pimples and brings tears to our eyes.
The strong presence of the Egyptian army in the Tahrir Square, which is inspecting people’s identity, is indeed preventing last Wednesday’s mayhem. The demonstration has been going for almost eight hours now and it is still quite peaceful. The spirit is very high. Egyptians have never been as united as they are today!
Prominent political figures have joined the demonstrators, such as Amr Moussa, chairman of the Arab League, Mohamed el Baradei, and Defense Minister Tantawi. In addition, there are many actors, writers, artists and of course the common man. The number has now exceeded 2 million people in the square. In Alexandria and many other Egyptian cities demonstrators are also calling for the resignation of Mubarak.
We think that President Mubarak will announce his resignation very soon and Vice President Omar Suleiman will assume the responsibilities of a transitional government. The major and most immediate task of the transitional government would be to dissolve the parliament, set a date for a free democratic election internationally supervised, the revision of the constitution especially article 76 and 77 pertinent to the election of a president. Furthermore, an investigation of individuals responsible for corruption, and abuse of public trust should be conducted.
This is the most successful revolt by a young generation in modern history. We have not seen such a movement anywhere in the world. It is unprecedented.
The repercussions of this movement will be felt all over the Arab world. The political Tsunami’s wind of change will blow away other authoritarian regimes in the Arab states. In Yemen there were protests demanding the resignation of President Ali Saleh. He has already publically declared that he will not seek another term after 2013. Mind you he has been in power for the past 32 years. Jordan has also been experiencing continuous protests demanding the dissolution of the cabinet. King Abdullah has already dissolved the Rifai cabinet and asked Marouf el Bakhit to form a new cabinet. Furthermore, Sudan is also experiencing protest movements led by university of students who are protesting the increasing cost of living, unemployment and corruption. They are calling for the resignation of president Omar el Bashir.
In the next few weeks there will be rapid political developments leading, hopefully, to a bright future for the young generation in the Arab world.
This post is a joint effort by Hani, Fakhouri and Aleya Rouchdy
Feb 3, 2011
Tahrir square in central Cairo turned into a battleground on Wednesday evening, February 2. The pro-regime demonstrators used against the protesters guns, Molotov cocktails, water cannons, and rocks. According to a government report 13 people were killed and 1200 injured.
Today in a televised appearance, the new Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq, promised to investigate the violence, which took place in the square last night, and punish those responsible.
The newly appointed Vice President, Omar Suleiman, stated publicly on TV that there was a conspiracy by an outside element which was responsible for the clashes between the pro- and anti regime demonstrators. He promised an investigation in order to find out those behind the horrendous acts of violence.
Tonight both the anti and pro regime protesters are gathering in Tahrir square and the army is there to create a buffer zone between them.
Tomorrow, Friday, is called the “day of departure.” The anti regime protesters are planning to walk toward the headquarters of President Mubarak to call for his resignation. Whether they succeed or fail they have already achieved a great deal. They forced the government to cave to their demands. This is an achievement no one has ever been able to accomplish in the past 30 years of Mubarak’s regime.
We will all be thinking of them tomorrow February 4, 2011.
8th Day of Protest : The Million Man March
In typical Egyptian ingenuity and adaptability, the demonstrators brought their household implements to bear. Kitchen pots and buckets doubled as helmets.
These Images are from Al-Jazeera video coverage in El-Tahrir Square.
In all seriousness I was listening to Al-Jazeera last night and hearing telephone interviews with people in the square. Gunfire was aimed at the legs of anti-Mubarak demonstrators, even in areas that contain women and children. They said they were exhausted from fighting all night. Hearing the voices was heart rending for me, the terror they must have felt.
Many eyewitnesses at the scene told Al-Jazeera that they knew many of the pro-Mubarak were police officers or members of security forces. There were several captured pro-Mubaraks and their ID cards were shown on the video to show that they were actually members of the police.
I can't tell you how impressed I am with the courage of those people who weathered the night. I felt last night that the battle for Egypt's future was being waged. The protesters showed that they were not to be cowed by thuggery and bush league tactics (pun intended).
Feb 2, 2011
It was noon at Tahrir Square, the number of demonstrators was much less than yesterday where around two million turned in to chant “people want the end of this regime” and many others against the president Hosni Mubarak, his family and the ruling party.
Later a Pro Mubarak demonstration started to approach closing in towards Tahrir Square, the anti Mubarak moved in and for a while they were face to face each chanting louder while the Army pulled to the side and watched.
It did not get long for the anti Mubarak demonstrators who have been in Tahrir square since Friday of Anger. They have been organized in a way that they did not respond to any intimidation by many who tried to infiltrate them for the past few days. But when the Pro Mubarak were forced to withdraw towards the Egyptian Museum side of Tahrir they started throwing stones and metal objects. The anti Mubarak kept their calm and tried to control their anger but without showing any fear . Minutes later news of the internet connection being restored after almost a week of isolation from the whole world. Blackberries and SMS were also cut off by the Egyptian regime; now this has helped the demonstrators to use their mobile phones to call on all of the ones who were in Tahrir yesterday to join them so as to overcome the thugs sent by the regime.
It was clear that those pro Mubarak were there to instigate clashes and violence, so more and more the anti Mubarak created human barriers to separate the two groups and make it difficult for them to attack the women, children, and men who have been coming to Tahrir everyday in families to express their views freely against the regime that made them poor, unemployed, disparate and even lost their dignity.
The pro Mubarak continued provocations and trying to infiltrate the anti Mubarak and pro democracy demonstrators who caught them one after another and took them to the army officers standing at the entrances of Tahrir. Each one caught was found with an identification card of the police or those with the ministry of interior.
Soon pro Mubarak moved in on horses and camels using sticks and stones to hit the pro democracy with much hate and anger. One woman who lives in a flat overlooking Tahrir said that she saw many of the Pro Mubarak demonstrators changing into civilian cloths before joining the others to attack the pro Democracy and anti Mubarak camp. She also testified that a policeman she knows told her he was asked or forced to join the others “thugs” in Tahrir to beat up “those who hate Mubarak.”
Hours later others of those pro Mubarak started moving from other entrances to Tahrir in an attempt to surround the anti Mubarak and Pro Democracy peaceful demonstrators. On the entrance close to Semiramis Hotel a lady stood by and started shouting at those leaving the demonstration by saying “traitors …traitors “ next to her a group of young men shouting “ Baradai is a US agent ..” and continuing “you are not welcomed we want Mubarak.”
It was clear that the army had taken a decision to stand by and watch though the anti Mubarak demonstrators have been working in close coordination and cooperating with the army forces deployed around Tahrir. The pro Mubarak demonstrators escalated their attacks form roofs of buildings over looking Tahrir. They used stones, sharp objects in addition to tear gas and what few demonstrators described as chemical or acid bombs!!!!
It was very clear that the whole event was orchestrated by the Mubarak regime as a last resort to scare people and keep them away from Tahrir square.
The Egyptian people were until yesterday demonstrating and expressing their views in a very peaceful manner it is their right as indicated in the Human Rights Charter (freedom of expression and freedom of assembly) yet this could not be tolerated by the regime particularly after the huge turn out of yesterday. Until yesterday Egyptians felt that this is their revolution and they don’t need any foreign power to assist, but of course the support of people not governments from all over the world is needed to help put an end to an era of corruption and terror by the Mubarak regime.
This is the 9th day of protest against the Mubarak regime. Clashes have broken out between the anti-Mubarak and the pro-Mubarak. There are reports of hundreds of wounded people in the square and the nearby streets. It is said that the pro-regime are sent to disrupt the peaceful demonstrators and send them home by all means. Smoke bombs are thrown on the protesters. Some are thrown form the roofs of nearby buildings.
Mr. El Baradei is accusing the government of using “scare tactics and committing a crime against the people of Egypt.”
I think the government is determined to slaughter the protesters as it happened in Tiananmen Square.
The international communities should interfere and stop this slaughtering immediately.
Please help the young freedom seekers of Egypt who are struggling establish justice and freedom for all.