Jun 15, 2014

Crisis in Iraq

The Iraqi society is in a very chaotic situation politically, socially, and economically. This havoc is the result of the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003. Furthermore, the type of democracy, which emerged with the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in 2011, led to the rise of sectarianism under the leadership of Prime Minister Al-Maliki, who is a tool in the hands of Iranian politicians.
         Prime minister Al-Maliki turned out to be an authoritarian dictator targeting senior Sunni politicians by jailing some and killing others. Furthermore, he directed his Shia militia groups to terrorize and kill some of his opponents. Also he failed to respond to some Shia and Sunni sector leaders demands for democratic reform. The Maliki opposition, which consists of secular Shia and Sunni groups, view his government as sectarian oppression. Such prevailing political situation made it easy for the Islamic terrorist group, “Daish”, to move into Iraq from the Syrian borders and occupy areas in the anbar province especially the city of Fallujah. The Iraqi army has been fighting them for more than a year. Furthermore, the recent conquest and occupation of Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq, and of the city of Takrit without much opposition from the Iraqi army and the public against “Daish” shows a strong indication of opposition to Al-Maliki’s government. The Daish group threatens to move south to capture Baghdad. Daish is emerging as an extreme Islamic terrorist group that is replacing Al-Qaeda especially in both Iraq and Syria. It has been reported that Daish forces spread fear and terror between both populations in Iraq and Syria namely in areas that they have occupied.
         It has been reported that Al-Maliki’s government have requested military assistance from the United States and stated that Iraqi air space is open to target Daish forces in Iraq. Furthermore, Grand Ayatollah Ali al Sistani called on his followers to join and support Al Maliki government against the Sunni Islamic terrorist “Daish.”
         The BBC news reported that more than 500 members of the Iranian revolutionary guards joined the Iraqi government in order to fight “Daish.”

         It is interesting to realize that what has been happening since the removal of Saddam Hussein’s government as a result of the U.S. conquest of Iraq led to the present situation. For more information, see my  monograph: The U.S. Invasion of Iraq: Conspiracy and its Tragic Aftermath1.
1Publisher amazon.com 2014

Jun 2, 2014

The Third Egyptian Republic

The Third Egyptian Republic

General A. Al-Saisi won the Egyptian presidential election on May 26, 2014. According to the Egyptian higher election committee, 47 percent of Egyptian cast their votes.

Mr. A. Al-Saisi received 93 percent of the votes or 24,365,176 votes. Mr. A. Sabahi received 2.9 percent of the votes or 895,149 votes. The rejected votes totaled 4.10 percent or 1,577,840 votes. Nearly 25 million (out of 54 million) eligible Egyptian voters cast their votes.

The election fell short of what the Egyptian mass media continued to project during the seven months prior to the election. The rationale behind the fact that less than 50 percent of the public participated in the election may be attributed to the following.

1.     Most of Egypt’s mass media and political analysts confirmed that the election of Mr. Al-Saisi by a huge margin. Repeating this generalization for seven months influenced many people’s political attitudes. As a result, many people reached the conclusion, “Why bother? The general will be elected.”
2.     Another factor that may have influenced the low turnout was the high temperatures that exceeded 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Waiting in line for hours in this heat was very difficult for many people.
3.     Another factor that may have discouraged people from participating is fear. The Muslim Brotherhood continued to warn the public that they will disrupt the election. Since the removal of Morsi on July 3, 2013, they have been conducting terrorist activities against the government and the public.
4.     A significant number of young Egyptians who initiated both the 25th of January 2011, and the 30th of June, 2013, revolutions were marginalized by those who assumed power. Furthermore, many of them were put in prison for violating the protest law.
5.     General A. Al-Saisi failed to provide the Egyptian public with his political program. This may have discouraged some Egyptians from participating, especially those who were under the impression that members of the Mubarak regime were close to Al-Saisi.

On the bright side, more than 70 percent of Egyptian women participated in the election with high enthusiasm and joy. They are the heroes of Egypt. Another segment that participated were men over the age of 50, but their percentage is less than that of the women.

Furthermore, more than 4 percent of the cast votes were rejected. It was speculated that these votes were cast by members of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafi religious groups to cast doubt on the election.

Nevertheless, the election was more democratic and transparent than any previous election in the history of Egypt.