Nov 6, 2019

The Second Spring Revolution


During the early part of 2019,  several mass protest movements started in Sudan and Algeria. The protest ended successfully in Sudan. It led to the removal of the corrupt regime of Omar al Bashir. Presently, he is being tried for corruption.
At the same time the second protest began in Algeria. The demand was the removal of  the corrupt President Bou Teflika who was running for a fifth time. He consequently resigned, his cabinet resigned as well as several high officials including the president’s brother. They are being investigated for corruption.
The protesters are still demanding the resignation of all officials in the regime.
Ben Saleh, the head of the Parliament, is assuming temporarily the position of acting President. According to the Constitution, he called for an election of a new President to be held on December 12, 2019
Five candidates were selected to run for the position of the president.
The public, however, refused the government’s plan for election. Hence, the mass protest is still going on. The protestors are demanding the removal of all government officials  who are associated with the regime. Moreover, they demanded the appointment of a new committee to control and observe the election of a new president.
 As of 11/8/2019 no response has been issued by the acting president. In the meantime the public is still protesting,

Oct 24, 2019


President El Sessi's Achiements


Egypt celebrated its 6th National Revolution of June 30, 2014 that led to the removal of the late president Morsi.
The revolution led to the creation of a new agenda of economic growth and development.
It will be difficult to provide a complete survey of what has been accomplished under President El Sessi, since 2014.
I would like to begin this post by saying that President El Sessi is God gift to Egypt. This statement might be sarcastically viewed by some. But, one cannot deny the President’s accomplishment during the past five years. It is a fact recognized worldwide.
The director of the International World Bank, during a visit to Egypt in 9/3/2019, stated that Egypt’s economic and social growth, during the past five years, has been very impressive. She further said that Egypt’s economic development should be used as an international model to other nations. Furthermore, several heads of states, such as the US, France, Germany, China and Russia, have publicly recognized Egypt’s successful economic development.
I would to enumerate the latest achievements of the Egyptian government:
1.    Development of infrastructure, where more than 5000 KM of new paved highways were constructed, as well as over 1100 new bridges. The new roads connect all governorates. This allows better transportation and communication among the new constructed industries. This development encouraged foreign investors are to invest in Egypt.
2.    Construction of new sewage system in many villages and cities, and the renovation of the old system.
3.    Recycling of sewer water to be used for drinking and irrigation.
4.    Desalination of sea water for communities along the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Four desalination plants are being implemented along the Mediterranean Sea in Sinai.
5.    Reclaiming 1.5 million feddans for cultivation.
6.    Building of 1300 green houses on 10,000 feddans for the cultivation of vegetables, 75,000 trained farmers were added to the working force. The government pointed out that the green houses would feed 21 million people. The produces are sold to the public to lower prices that the produces in the market. Some were also exported.
7.    Fish farms were created. More than 1100 fish farms were connected to the Red Sea water to raise fish. This has been a very successful project. The fish are used for national consumption as well as for export.
8.    Increasing the production of electrical power which doubled in three years from 15,000 KW to 29,000 KW. The German government stated publicly that no country in the world could double the productivity of its electrical power in three years like Egypt. Furthermore, solar panels as well as wind mills were built. The two sources generate 20% of the electrical power in Egypt. Lines were built to transfer electrical power to Cyprus and Greece. In the future it will be transferring power to other parts of Europe as well. Electrical lines have been also built to transfer power to Sudan.
9.    Building a second Suez Canal parallel to the old one. Instead of a one-way traffic there is now a two-way traffic. This huge project was completed in one year. The revenue per year has exceeded $5 billion per year. The addition of the new canal saved 12 to 18 hours for ships waiting to sail North or South.
10.Wide expansion of new towns, 21 were built in various governorates to accommodate population increase and industrial developments. New homes for middle- and low-income families were built. The majority of slums around big cities have been removed. Furthermore, tow new cities were built.

a.    Al Madinah al Idariyah or the New Government Capital which is located 36 KM from Cairo. Government offices and the Egyptian Parliament will move in to the new capital in 2020.
b.    The new city of Al Alamain is built West of Alexandria along the Mediterranean Sea shores. The city has the most beautiful beaches. It could become a center of attraction for tourists, summer and winter. The architectural design of both cities is quite impressive.
c.     One fourth of the Egyptian labor is employed in this sector of the economy.      
During the past five years the Egyptian government encouraged and invited foreign oil companies to drill in Egypt’s water space and lands. This led to the discovery of natural Gaz in the Mediterranean water. This discovery is the largest in the region. As a result, Egypt became self-sufficient in natural Gaz as of 2019. It uses to cost the Egyptian government over $3 billion per year to import. This discovery let the government to expand its chemical industries. Egypt is now classified as the largest exporter of natural Gaz in the Mediterranean region. Furthermore, there was new discovery of oil in the Western desert where some wells began to produce oil to meet some of the needed demands for oil. Some foreign companies began also to drill along the shores of the Red Sea.
The picture is promising. According to the government prediction, Egypt will be self- sufficient in oil production by the year 2022.
The office of the Egyptian Prime Minister issued a detailed report about the oil discovery and the accomplishments of the Prime Minister of Oil in the past five years (9/6/2019). It stated that the Thaher field of natural Gaz has a reserve capacity of 30 trillion  Cubic feet. As of August 2019 the field production was 7.2 billion Cubic feet  per day.
The export during 2019 was estimated at $11.6 billion.
In addition the government connected 10 million residential units with natural Gaz during the same year.
The International Organization (OPEC) recognized Egypt’s achievement in the production of oil and natural Gaz during the past five years. It pointed out that Egypt is becoming an international center for the production and export of energy.
11.During the last two years, the government began to focus on the national health condition of the public. A program referred to as the ‘one hundred million health care’ where people are checked for Virus C. Presently more than 70 million people have been checked. Those found affected by Virus C were treated for free.
A second health program was recently initiated to educate young women about breast cancer and to be checked at no cost.
Furthermore, a National Health Care Program was initiated by the government, in 2019,  and implemented in five Governorates. It will be a National System in the near future.  
Recently. President El Sessi urged the government to review ‘Family Planning and Birth Control Program.’ This program was actually initiated in the early 1950’s. Previous presidents have all stresses the importance of such program, but nothing was achieved. The population increase of 2.5 million per year, is the most difficult problem facing the Egyptian government.
The failing to imply the Family planning and birth control program is attributed to more than one factor.
a.    The misinterpretation of religion by illiterate village Imams, who do not understand the content of the Quran. This occurs despite the support for family planning by the Al Azhar religious leaders. Unfortunately, 40%of women in villages are illiterate and follows the  saying of village Imams.
b.    Poverty plays a role in not accepting the principle of family planning. Adult men and women give birth to a large number of children thinking they will in the future will provide them economic security.
c.     The negative impact of government subsidies which started in the 1950”s to help the poor. According to the Egyptian government statistics more than 70 million Egyptian have the subsidy card. Do the 70 million really need such economic support?
In my opinion the government ought to use the reward and punishment principle as part of the Family Planning and Birth Control Policy. This has been implemented in some countries and was successful.

In general, the Egyptian government total accomplishment during the past five years is very impressive. Such accomplishment is recognized internationally. The Egyptian economic growth has been classified as the third highest world- wide.
The following factors led to such success:
1.    Increase in foreign investment from 2.2 billion in 2012 to 9 billion in 2019.
2.    The rate of economic growth moved from 2% in 2012 to 5.6% in 2019.
3.    Unemployment, which was 13% in 2012 dropped to 8% in 2019.




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Sep 28, 2019

The National Egyptisn Revolution and President El Sessi's Achievement




Egypt celebrated its 6th National Revolution of June 30, 2014 that led to the removal of the late president Morsi.
The revolution led to the creation of a new agenda of economic growth and development.
It will be difficult to provide a complete survey of what has been accomplished under President El Sessi, since 2014.
I would like to begin this post by saying that President El Sessi is God gift to Egypt. This statement might be sarcastically viewed by some. But, one cannot deny the President’s accomplishment during the past five years. It is a fact recognized worldwide.
The director of the International World Bank, during a visit to Egypt in 9/3/2019, stated that Egypt’s economic and social growth, during the past five years, has been very impressive. She further said that Egypt’s economic development should be used as an international model to other nations. Furthermore, several heads of states, such as the US, France, Germany, China and Russia, have publicly recognized Egypt’s successful economic development.
I would to enumerate the latest achievements of the Egyptian government:
1.    Development of infrastructure, where more than 5000 KM of new paved highways were constructed, as well as over 1100 new bridges. The new roads connect all governorates. This allows better transportation and communication among the new constructed industries. This development encouraged foreign investors are to invest in Egypt.
2.    Construction of new sewage system in many villages and cities, and the renovation of the old system.
3.    Recycling of sewer water to be used for drinking and irrigation.
4.    Desalination of sea water for communities along the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Four desalination plants are being implemented along the Mediterranean Sea in Sinai.
5.    Reclaiming 1.5 million feddans for cultivation.
6.    Building of 1300 green houses on 10,000 feddans for the cultivation of vegetables, 75,000 trained farmers were added to the working force. The government pointed out that the green houses would feed 21 million people. The produces are sold to the public to lower prices that the produces in the market. Some were also exported.
7.    Fish farms were created. More than 1100 fish farms were connected to the Red Sea water to raise fish. This has been a very successful project. The fish are used for national consumption as well as for export.
8.    Increasing the production of electrical power which doubled in three years from 15,000 KW to 29,000 KW. The German government stated publicly that no country in the world could double the productivity of its electrical power in three years like Egypt. Furthermore, solar panels as well as wind mills were built. The two sources generate 20% of the electrical power in Egypt. Lines were built to transfer electrical power to Cyprus and Greece. In the future it will be transferring power to other parts of Europe as well. Electrical lines have been also built to transfer power to Sudan.
9.    Building a second Suez Canal parallel to the old one. Instead of a one-way traffic there is now a two-way traffic. This huge project was completed in one year. The revenue per year has exceeded $5 billion per year. The addition of the new canal saved 12 to 18 hours for ships waiting to sail North or South.
10.Wide expansion of new towns, 21 were built in various governorates to accommodate population increase and industrial developments. New homes for middle- and low-income families were built. The majority of slums around big cities have been removed. Furthermore, tow new cities were built.

a.    Al Madinah al Idariyah or the New Government Capital which is located 36 KM from Cairo. Government offices and the Egyptian Parliament will move in to the new capital in 2020.
b.    The new city of Al Alamain is built West of Alexandria along the Mediterranean Sea shores. The city has the most beautiful beaches. It could become a center of attraction for tourists, summer and winter. The architectural design of both cities is quite impressive.
c.     One fourth of the Egyptian labor is employed in this sector of the economy.      
During the past five years the Egyptian government encouraged and invited foreign oil companies to drill in Egypt’s water space and lands. This led to the discovery of natural Gaz in the Mediterranean water. This discovery is the largest in the region. As a result, Egypt became self-sufficient in natural Gaz as of 2019. It uses to cost the Egyptian government over $3 billion per year to import. This discovery let the government to expand its chemical industries. Egypt is now classified as the largest exporter of natural Gaz in the Mediterranean region. Furthermore, there was new discovery of oil in the Western desert where some wells began to produce oil to meet some of the needed demands for oil. Some foreign companies began also to drill along the shores of the Red Sea.
The picture is promising. According to the government prediction, Egypt will be self- sufficient in oil production by the year 2022.
The office of the Egyptian Prime Minister issued a detailed report about the oil discovery and the accomplishments of the Prime Minister of Oil in the past five years (9/6/2019). It stated that the Thaher field of natural Gaz has a reserve capacity of 30 trillion  Cubic feet. As of August 2019 the field production was 7.2 billion Cubic feet  per day.
The export during 2019 was estimated at $11.6 billion.
In addition the government connected 10 million residential units with natural Gaz during the same year.
The International Organization (OPEC) recognized Egypt’s achievement in the production of oil and natural Gaz during the past five years. It pointed out that Egypt is becoming an international center for the production and export of energy.
11.During the last two years, the government began to focus on the national health condition of the public. A program referred to as the ‘one hundred million health care’ where people are checked for Virus C. Presently more than 70 million people have been checked. Those found affected by Virus C were treated for free.
A second health program was recently initiated to educate young women about breast cancer and to be checked at no cost.
Furthermore, a National Health Care Program was initiated by the government, in 2019,  and implemented in five Governorates. It will be a National System in the near future.  
Recently. President El Sessi urged the government to review ‘Family Planning and Birth Control Program.’ This program was actually initiated in the early 1950’s. Previous presidents have all stresses the importance of such program, but nothing was achieved. The population increase of 2.5 million per year, is the most difficult problem facing the Egyptian government.
The failing to imply the Family planning and birth control program is attributed to more than one factor.
a.    The misinterpretation of religion by illiterate village Imams, who do not understand the content of the Quran. This occurs despite the support for family planning by the Al Azhar religious leaders. Unfortunately, 40%of women in villages are illiterate and follows the  saying of village Imams.
b.    Poverty plays a role in not accepting the principle of family planning. Adult men and women give birth to a large number of children thinking they will in the future will provide them economic security.
c.     The negative impact of government subsidies which started in the 1950”s to help the poor. According to the Egyptian government statistics more than 70 million Egyptian have the subsidy card. Do the 70 million really need such economic support?
In my opinion the government ought to use the reward and punishment principle as part of the Family Planning and Birth Control Policy. This has been implemented in some countries and was successful.

In general, the Egyptian government total accomplishment during the past five years is very impressive. Such accomplishment is recognized internationally. The Egyptian economic growth has been classified as the third highest world- wide.
The following factors led to such success:
1.    Increase in foreign investment from 2.2 billion in 2012 to 9 billion in 2019.
2.    The rate of economic growth moved from 2% in 2012 to 5.6% in 2019.
3.    Unemployment, which was 13% in 2012 dropped to 8% in 2019.




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Aug 18, 2019

The Sudanese Bread Uprising



The bread uprising that lasted for nearly eight months (2019) led to the removal of president Al Bashir, and the creation of a new military council to run government affairs, 

With this change a new political era began in Sudan.
The main reasons behind such political changes is attributes to the shortages of bread in public bakeries as well as to government corruption.
Sudan is well known for its fertile agricultural land which has been estimated to be between 200 -250 million feddans. In spite of that the Sudanese government imported wheat from abroad.
During the last few years, prior to the mass uprising, the government cut the wheat import by half. This led to a shortage of bread in public bakeries. Such shortage led to the public mass protest which causing the removal President Al Bashir and the emerging of a military council to run the country. Al Bashir is presently under investigation for having $127 million in cash hidden in his house.
The protest movement referred to as “the power of freedom and change” continued its protest for nearly eight months until an agreement was reached with the military council to share authority for the next thirty-nine month. A free democratic election will follow after the elapse of the thirty-nine months and a new parliament will be established thus creating a new democratic society.
The agreement between the military council and the power for freedom and change of8/17/2019 reflects the following:
  •  A new council with national authority will be created to include 6 civilians and 5 members of the military council whose authority will last no more than 39 months.
  • The leadership of the freedom and change appointed a new prime minister who will in turn appoint 20 ministers to run the governmental affairs, until a new election takes place by the end of the 39 months.
Following the 39 months, Sudan will be run by a civilian and free democratic government.

Jul 1, 2019

The 30th of June-2014 Revolution


Egypt’s celebrated its 6th National Revolution of June 30, 2014 which led to the removal of the late president Morsi.
This Revolution let to the creation of a new agenda of economic growth and development.
I will be very difficult to provide a complete survey of what has been accomplished since 2014, under President El Sessi.
I would like to begin this post by saying that President El Sessi is “God Gift to Egypt.” This statement might  be sarcastically viewed by some.
But, no one can deny the President’s accomplishment during the past five years. It is a fact recognized world-wide.
I will summarize such achievements;
1.   Development of the infrastructure, where more hat 5000KM of new paved roads, and more than 1100 new bridges were constructed. The new road network connects all governorates with each other which allows transportation, especially for the construction of new industries.
2.   Construction of a new sewage system in villages and cities as the old ones were renovated.
3.   Recycling of sewer water to be used for drinking and irrigation.
4.   Desalination of sea water for drinking in communities along the Red Sea as well as the Mediterranean Sea.
5.   Reclaiming 1.5 million feddans that have been added to the cultivated land.
6.   Production of electrical power which doubled in three years from 15,000KW to 29,000 KW. The German government stated publicly that no country in the world could double the productivity of its electrical power like  Egypt in three years. Furthermore, massive sun generating power construction as well as winds mils were built. The two sources generate 20% of the electrical power in Egypt. The Egyptian government has begun building lines to transfer electrical power to Cypress and in the future,  it will be transferring to other part of Europe as well.
7.   Converting the Suez Canal into two ways traffic instead the one-way traffic as it used to be. This huge project was completed in one year. The revenue per year exceeded $5 billion per year.
8.   Wide expansion of new towns, and construction of new homes, especially homes for middle- and low-income families. One fourth of the Egyptian labor is unemployed in this sector of the economy. The majority of slums housing projects around big cities has been removed and where more than 10 million people live.
9.   New discovery of Gaz and petroleum led Egypt to become self-sufficient in natural Gaz as of 2019. This led to the expansion of petro-chemical industries. Now, Egypt is an exporter of natural Gaz.
10. Egypt’s economy has been growing from 2% per year prior to 2014 to 6% per year by the end of 2019.
11. Last but not least the government is focusing on the population health condition. It began a national exam of the population to check on virus C which has been spread among Egyptians. More than 60 million Egyptian were checked and those infected by virus C have been treated freely.
In addition to the health program, the government has initiated a National Health Program which has already started in five governorates.
The above accomplishment is impressive in light of Egypt population growth which has been increasing at the rate of 2.5 million people per year. Its total population now exceeds 100 million people. It has been projected by international organization that if the rate of economic growth will continue, Egypt will be the 7th economic power by the year 2030.
I would like to conclude by saying that the 30th of June Revolution saved Egypt from a total destruction.

Feb 8, 2019

The Global Weather Changes and its Negative Impact on the Arab World


Recently the Arab World Council on Water met in Cairo on February 8, 2019 to discuss the present water shortage in Arab countries. Egypt which is the most populated country in the Arab world, is classified as water poverty stricken. Most of its water, 95%, come from the Nile River which starts beyond its national borders.
The other two major rivers in the Arab world, the Euphrates and Tigers rivers, start in Turkey and flow into Syria and Iraq. Both countries also experience shortage of water. Keep in mind that the Arab world present population exceeds 400 million and is projected to reach 700 million by the year 2050.
Dr. Mahmoud Abu Zeid, the chairman of the council, focused on the negative impact of the global weather changes which has already began in the region. Those changes are reflected in the increase of temperature, less rain fall, desertification in the region and decreasing agricultural productivity.
According to scientific experts who participated in the conference agreed that the temperature increase, and the decrease in rain fall will cause a decrease in agricultural productivity which will be 5% -12% by the year 2030 (el masry el yom, 2/8/2019).
Furthermore, the global weather changes will increase the sea water level.
Egypt has already begun to experience such problems.
Moreover, the participant experts stated that the Arab world needs to spend at least $75 billion during the next ten years to minimize the negative impact of the global weather change which will cause half of the population to starve.

Oct 23, 2018

The Cairo Water Conference




Recently, Egypt sponsored an internal conference “Cairo Water Week” which began on October 14-18, 2018.
Seventy nations participated represented by high officials, as well as the United Nations,  and the FAO. In addition, water experts and scientists took part in the conference.
The objective of the conference was to create awareness on water shortage in the Arab World and to discuss the possibility of conserving water in light of the high population increase.
The attendees also discussed the negative future consequences of Global weather changes and its impact on the region.
The director of the Arab League, Mr. Abu el Gheet, and the head of the Arab Water Council, Dr. Abed Ilati, they both recognized the water shortage in the Arab World and called for its conservation.
Six Arab countries are classified as water poverty stricken. The individual water share in those countries is 500cu.m/year. According to the UN scale, the average water need is 1000cu.m/person/per year.
None of the Arab states can be classified as self-sufficient in food production. Sudan is the only country that can be classified as self-sufficient in food production. It can be the bread basket of Africa. Ironically, Sudan rely on the import of wheat. This is due to the corruption of its government.
Egypt is classified as the number one nation in wheat import due to the fact that more than 90% of its land is barren desert, and also due to water shortage.
Egypt gets 56 million cu.m. of water from the Nile River. This equals to 90% of the water consumed annually in Egypt. In addition, another 1.2 billion cu.m. per year from rain fall.
According to the Egyptian minister of irrigation and water resources, Dr. Aded Ilatti, Egypt is water poverty stricken. The average water consumed is 500 cu.m. per person in a year.
The discussion should also be viewed in light of Egypt population increase (Masrawi.com 10/18.2018).
Experts at the Conference provided technical information and discussed the possibility  of water management.
The second focus in the conference was the UN report, that global weather changes will negatively impact North Africa and the Arab World regions the most.
In the next fifty years, the temperature will increase, rain fall will decrease, desertification will increase. Furthermore, the sea level will rise causing flooding to countries where the land is below sea level.
Egypt will be among the countries where part of the country will be covered by sea water.
Kolne university in Germany issued a scientific report stating that more than 49  cities along the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean will disappear from the rise of water level, Turkey, Greece and Britain are among the countries that will be affected (al nahar 10/19/2018).
The Conference provided important information, specially to the Egyptian public.